The Convention was adopted in by the Council of Europe, an intergovernmental organization established in and composed of forty-seven European Community Member States. This body was formed to strengthen human rights and promote democracy and the rule of law. Any person claiming to be the victim of a violation in one of the forty-seven countries in the European Community which has signed and ratified the Convention, may seek relief with the European Court. One must first have exhausted all recourse in the courts of their home country and have filed an application for relief with the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg. The American Convention on Human Rights pertains to the inter-American states—the Americas—and was entered into force in American Convention on Human Rights O.
Human Rights Declarations - Asia-Pacific Human Rights Information Center
All persons are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of humanity. Every person is entitled to the rights and freedoms set forth herein, without distinction of any kind, such as race, gender, age, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, economic status, birth, disability or other status. Every person has the right of recognition everywhere as a person before the law. Every person is equal before the law. Every person is entitled without discrimination to equal protection of the law.
This paper addresses the direction the Asian human rights movement should take in order to contribute to the improved enjoyment of rights in Asian countries. This remains relevant to the context of most Asian countries, particularly because of the lack of developed systems for the administration of justice. The aim was to improve the actual realisation of human rights by the people. The institutions and systems required for the administration of justice are primarily the policing system, which plays the vital role of investigating into human rights violations; the prosecutions department, which is meant to call out violations of the law; and the judiciary, which is meant to adjudicate competently and impartially.
The Declaration includes 40 paragraphs under 6 headings. The first five Articles affirm that human rights belong to "Every person," specifically emphasizing that they belong to "women, children, the elderly, persons with disabilities, migrant workers, and vulnerable and marginalised groups Art 5. Article 10 directly affirms "all the civil and political rights in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights ," and these are detailed in Articles Article 26 next affirms "all the economic, social and cultural rights in the Universal Declaration However, the Commission has been widely criticized for the lack of transparency and failure to consult with ASEAN civil society during drafting process.